This page is out of date and is in need of a rewrite. If you know anything about traps, please contribute! is a public API for userscripts that can be used to obtain objects that are not otherwise available. The actual traps are coded at prototype-handler.

They share some APIs with “Once” traps, but is very different and is documented at Fake redux state separately.


editor-stepping addon shows how to manipulate Thread object trapped.

Trap terminology

There are two types of traps, named after how many times they get trapped. Singleton instance like VM or ScratchBlocks get trapped only once per trap, so they are called “Once”. Objects like Thread can get trapped multiple times, so they are called “Many”.

Difference between Once and Many is simple: the addon only stores reference for Once.

Trappable Object

Trap name Description Once/Many
vm Scratch VM, trapped by Function.prototype.bind Once
vm.propsVMBind Scratch VM, trapped from props.vm using bind Once
vm.propsVMAssign Scratch VM, trapped from props.vm using assign Once
thread Thread object used in Scratch VM Many
ScratchBlocks ScratchBlocks object Once
workspace ScratchBlocks workspace Once

onceValues attribute of stores references for “Once” traps. It is an prototypeless object - e.g. you cannot call onceValues.hasOwnProperty().

Keys are the “trap name” listed above, and values are the trapped values.

Example: to get VM object, use

Return value Promise<object>
Promise rejects if The addon isn't running on a project

Gets the instance of Blockly being used by Scratch. This is different from window.Blockly.

Return value Promise<object>
Promise rejects if The addon isn't running on a project, or if Paper couldn't be found

Gets the instance of Paper being used by Scratch. (@scratch/paper)

Parameter Type Required Description
element HTMLElement Yes The reference element
Return value String

Gets the internal key for React.

Events itself is not an EventTarget. However, it’s possible to add or remove listeners, by using some public APIs. traps.addOnceListener/removeOnceListener is for “Once” traps, and addManyListener/removeManyListener is for “Many” traps. Note that listeners for “Once” objects can fire multiple times under some conditions, and may never fire if the object is trapped before loading the userscript.

These methods work like addEventListener/removeEventListener, but third argument is not supported at all. The first argument is for trap name; for example, if it needs to be fired when thread is trapped, do addManyListener("thread", callback). The second argument is callback function that can take one argument for CustomEvent object, which contains the trapped value.

The CustomEvent object passed to callback always has value attribute for trapped value, and may have trapName if the first argument for the listener is * (see below).

Special event: if the trap name passed to these methods is *, it will fire when any object for the category is trapped. For example, callback in addOnceListener("*", callback) gets fired whenever an object in Once category is trapped. To check what is trapped, the CustomEvent passed to the callback also has trapName attribute for the trap name.

Last updated at 16 January 2022 by lisa-wolfgang on commit 9df7a19. Improve this page.